From the perceived failure of Modernist housing in the 1970s to the application of New Urbanist principles in the 1990s, Architecture and affordable housing have a long, uneasy history. Finally, the Low Income Tax Credit creates an opportunity for design excellence—a chance to move beyond the wholesale importation of architectural styles. Yet traditional styles continue to prevail in housing design. Why hasn’t the program led to greater design invention? When it has, what has made innovation possible? A panel discussion moderated by Eric Belsky of the Joint Center for Housing Studies at Harvard University, and Michael Bell of Columbia University GSAPP, Michael Bell Architecture, and Visible Weather, New York; with Catherine Ingraham, Professor of Architecture at the Pratt Institute, and Sanford Kwinter of the Harvard GSD.