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Sundial: Radical Imaginaries in an Afro-Future City (2014)


    If the city in the 19th and 20th centuries was a nexus of transformation, a fulcrum of modernity, within the African diaspora, what does rethinking and reimaging the city create for future urban denizens? What new kinds of urbanity and radical imaginaries become possible? This discussion between architects, urbanists, curators and art historians will consider how art, architecture, literature, and film have imagined the places and spaces of an Afro-future city.


    • Paul Goodwin, UAL Chair of Black Art and Design, University of the Arts London,
    • Chelsea College of Arts Kellie Jones, Columbia Art History and Archaeology
    • In conversation with Mabel Wilson and Mpho Matsipa, Columbia GSAPP

    Theory of City Form (2013)


      Course Description

      This course covers theories about the form that settlements should take and attempts a distinction between descriptive and normative theory by examining examples of various theories of city form over time. Case studies will highlight the origins of the modern city and theories about its emerging form, including the transformation of the nineteenth-century city and its organization. Through examples and historical context, current issues of city form in relation to city-making, social structure, and physical design will also be discussed and analyzed.


      1IntroductionLynch, Kevin. “The Nature of City Form.” (draft)

      Buy at MIT Press Buy at Amazon ———. “Is a General Normative Theory Possible?” Chapter 5 in Good City Form. MIT Press, 1984, pp. 111–20. ISBN: 9780262620468. [Preview with Google Books]

      Section One: The Nature of City Form Theory
      2Normative Theory I: The City as SupernaturalBuy at Amazon Beinart, Julian. “Image Construction in Premodern Cities.” In Imaging the City: Continuing Struggles and New Directions. Edited by Lawrence J. Vale and Jr., Sam Bass Warner. Center for Urban Policy Research, 2001, pp. 3–32. ISBN: 9780882851709.

      Buy at Amazon Rykwert, Joseph. “The Parallels.” Chapter 5 in The Idea of a Town: The Anthropology of Urban Form in Rome, Italy and the Ancient World. MIT Press, 1988, pp. 163–87. ISBN: 9780262680561. [Preview with Google Books]

      Buy at Amazon ———. “Conclusion.” In The Idea of a Town: The Anthropology of Urban Form in Rome, Italy and the Ancient World. MIT Press, 1988, pp. 194–203. ISBN: 9780262680561. [Preview with Google Books]

      Buy at Amazon Wright, A. F. “The Cosmology of the Chinese City.” In The City in Late Imperial China. Edited by G. W. Skinner. Stanford University Press, 1977, pp. 33–74. ISBN: 9780804708920.

      3Normative Theory II: The City as MachineBuy at Amazon Sennett, Richard. “The Neutral City.” Chapter 2 in The Conscience of the Eye: The Design and Social Life of Cities. W. W. Norton & Company, 1992, pp. 41–68. ISBN: 9780393308785.

      Buy at Amazon Collins, George R. “The Linear City.” In Architects Year Book XI: The Pedestrian in the City. Edited by Lewis, D., et al. Elek Books Limited, 1965, pp. 204–17.

      4Normative Theory III: The City as OrganismBuy at Amazon Alexander, C., H. Neis, et al. Chapters 1–3 in A New Theory of Urban Design. Oxford University Press, 1987, pp. 9–99. ISBN: 9780195037531. [Preview with Google Books]

      Buy at Amazon Geddes, Patrick. “Geddes’ Final Dundee Lecture.” Appendix II in Cities in Evolution: An Introduction to the Town Planning Movement and to the Study of Civics. Edited by The Outlook Tower Association and The Association for Planning and Regional Reconstruction. University of Michigan Library, 1915, pp. 214–30.

      Hakim, Besim M. “Julian of Ascalon’s Treatise of Construction and Design Rules from Sixth-Century Palestine.” Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 60, no. 1 (2001): 4–25.

      5Descriptive and Functional TheoryBuy at Amazon Richardson, H. W. “Antecedents.” Chapter 2 in The New Urban Economics: and Alternatives. Routledge Kegan & Paul, 1980, pp. 730. ISBN: 9780850860580.

      Buy at MIT Press Buy at Amazon Krugman, Paul. “Geography Lost and Found.” Chapter 2 in Development, Geography, and Economic Theory. MIT Press, 1997, pp. 31–59. ISBN: 9780262611350. [Preview with Google Books]

      6Dimensions, Patterns, Agreements, Structure, and SyntaxBuy at Amazon Alexander, C., S. Ishikawa, and M. Silverstein. A Pattern Language: Towns, Buildings, Construction. Oxford University Press, 1977, pp. ix–xl. ISBN: 9780195019193. [Preview with Google Books]

      Habraken, N. John. This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.“The Control of Complexity.” (PDF – 2.4MB) Places 4, no. 2 (1987): 3–15.

      Hillier, W., Julienne Hanson, and John Peponis. “Syntactic Analysis of Settlements.” Architecture et Comportement (Architecture and Behavior) 3, no. 3 (1987): 217–31.

      Buy at MIT Press Buy at Amazon Lynch, Kevin. “Dimensions of Performance.” Chapter 6 in Good City Form. MIT Press, 1984, pp. 111–20. ISBN: 9780262620468. [Preview with Google Books]

      Buy at Amazon Martin, Leslie. This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.“The Grid As Generator.” (PDF – 1.2MB) In Urban Space and Structures. Edited by Lionel March and Leslie Martin. Cambridge University Press, 1975, pp. 6–27. ISBN: 9780521099349.

      Section Two: The Form of the Modern City
      7The Early Cities of CapitalismBuy at Amazon Clark, Gregory. “Introduction: The Sixteen-Page Economic History of the World.” Chapter 1 in A Farewell to Alms: A Brief Economic History of the World. Princeton University Press, 2008, pp. 2–17. ISBN: 9780691141282 .

      Buy at Amazon Engels, Friedrich. “The Great Towns.” Chapter 3 in The Condition of the Working Class in England. Translated and edited by W. H. Henderson and W. O. Chaloner. Stanford University Press, 1958, pp. 30–87. ISBN: 9780804706346.

      Buy at Amazon Williams, Raymond. “Enclosures, Commons, and Communities.” Chapter 10 in The Country and the City. Oxford University Press, 1975, pp. 96–134. ISBN: 9780195198102. [Preview with Google Books]

      8Transformations I: LondonBuy at Amazon Beinart, Julian. “Form and Application in the XIXth Century City.” In Rethinking XIXth Century City. Edited by Attilio Petruccioli. The Aga Khan program for Islamic Architecture at Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1998, pp. 13–28.

      Buy at Amazon Johnson, Steven. The Ghost Map: The Story of London’s Most Terrifying Epidemic – and How It Changed Science, Cities, and the Modern World. Riverhead Trade, 2007, pp. 1–55. ISBN: 9781594482694.

      Weinberg, David Selwyn. “The Social Relations of Living: London 1830s–1880s.” Thesis paper. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1974, pp. 45–53, and 82–114.

      9Transformations II: ParisBuy at Amazon Harvey, David. “Materializations: Paris 1848–1870.” Part 2 in Paris, Capital of Modernity. Routledge, 2005, pp. 91–105. ISBN: 9780415952200.

      Buy at Amazon Benjamin, Walter. “Paris, Capital of the Nineteenth Century.” In Reflections: Essays, Aphorisms, Autobiographical Writings. Edited by Peter Demetz. Schocken, 1986, pp. 146–62. ISBN: 9780805208023.

      Buy at MIT Press Buy at Amazon Rasmussen, Steen Eiler. Town and Buildings. MIT Press, 1969, pp. 55–64, 103–16, and 160–71. ISBN: 9780262680110. [Preview with Google Books]

      10Transformations III: Vienna and BarcelonaBuy at Amazon Schorske, Carl. “The Ringstrasse, Its Critics, and the Birth of Urban Modernsim.” Chapter II in Fin-de-Siecle Vienna: Politics and Culture. Vintage, 1980, pp. 24–110. ISBN: 9780394744780.

      Aibar, Eduardo, and Wiebe E. Bijker. This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.“Constructing a City: The Cerdà Plan for the Extension of Barcelona.” (PDF) Science Technology Human Values 22, no. 1 (1997): 3–30.

      11Transformations IV: ChicagoBuy at Amazon Hoyt, Homer. “The Land Boom of the First Skyscrapers and the First World’s Fair, 1878–98.” Chapter IV in One Hundred Years of Land Planning in Chicago: the Relationship of the growth of Chicago to the rise of Its land Values, 1830–1933. Beard Books, 2000, pp. 128–40. ISBN: 9781587980169. [Preview with Google Books]

      Wrigley Jr., Robert L. “Plan of Chicago: Its Fiftieth Anniversary.” Journal of the American Planning Association 26, no. 1 (1960): 31–8.

      12Transformations V: Panopticism, St. Petersburg and BerlinEvans, Robins. “Bentham’s Panopticon.” Architectural Association Quarterly, 1971, pp. 21–37.

      Buy at Amazon Friedman, David. “Palaces and the Street in Late-Medieval and Renaissance Italy.” In Urban Landscapes: International Perspectives. Edited by J. W. R. Whitehand and P. J. Larkham. Routledge, 1992, pp. 69–113. ISBN: 9780415070744.

      Buy at Amazon Speer, Albert. “The Greatest Assignment.” Chapter 6 in Inside the Third Reich. Simon & Schuster, 1997, pp. 71–82. ISBN: 9780684829494.

      Buy at Amazon ———. “The Greatest Assignment.” Chapter 10 in Inside the Third Reich. Simon & Schuster, 1997, pp. 132–50. ISBN: 9780684829494.

      13Utopianism as Social Reform and Built FormBuy at MIT Press Buy at Amazon Benevolo, L. Origins of Modern Town Planning. MIT Press, 1971, pp. 39–84. ISBN: 9780262520188.

      Buy at MIT Press Buy at Amazon Hayden, D. Chapter 4 in Seven American Utopias: The Architecture of Communitarian Socialism, 1790–1975. MIT Press, 1979. ISBN: 9780262580373.

      Buy at Amazon Ciucci, G. “The City in Agrarian Ideology and Frank Lloyd Wright; Origins and Development of Broad Acres.” In The American City: From the Civil War to the New Deal. MIT Press, 1983, pp. 352–75. ISBN: 9780262530446.

      Sorkin, M. “Eutopia Now!” Harvard Design Magazine, Fall/Winter 2009/2010, 6–21.

      Tod, I., and M. Wheeler. “The Architect as Visionary.” In Utopia. Orbis Publishing, 1978, pp. 127–47.

      1420th Century Realizations: Russian and Great BritainBuy at Amazon Kopp, A. Town and Revolution: Soviet Architecture and City Planning, 1917–1935. Translated by Thomas E. Burton. George Braziller, 1970, pp. 163–86. ISBN: 9780807605547.

      Buy at Amazon Hall, P. “The Planned Communities.” Chapter 10 in The Containment of Urban England. Allen & Unwin, 1977, pp. 329–59. ISBN: 9780043520666.

      March, L. “Why have New Towns?” New Society, June 8, 1972.

      Section Three: Current Theory and Practice
      15City Form and ProcessBuy at MIT Press Buy at Amazon Lynch, K. “What is the Form of a City, and How Is It Made?” Chapter 2 in A Theory of Good City Form. MIT Press, 1984. ISBN: 9780262620468. [Preview with Google Books]

      McCarthy, T., Temko, A., et al. “Buildings Are Judgment II.” Ramparts, May 1975, 53–5.

      Lyndon, D., and M. Buchanan, and Architects Associated. “At the Edge of Public Housing.” Space and Society 22.

      16Spatial & Social Structure I: TheoryBuy at MIT Press Buy at Amazon Lynch, K. “Environmental Change and Social Change.” Chapter 9 in What Time is this Place? MIT Press, 1976, pp. 215–23. ISBN: 9780262620321.

      Buy at Amazon Saunders, P. “The Urban as Ideology.” Chapter 5 in Social Theory and the Urban Question. Routledge, 1986, pp. 152–239. ISBN: 9780415091169.

      Buy at Amazon Beinart, J. “Resurrecting Jerusalem.” In The Resilient City: How Modern Cities Recover from Disaster. Oxford University Press, 2005, pp. 181–210. ISBN: 9780195175837.

      17Spatial & Social Structure II: BipolarityBuy at Amazon Beinart, J. “Government-built Cities and People-made Places.” In The Growth of Cities. Edited by David Lewis. Wiley-Interscience, 1971, pp. 185–207. ISBN: 9780471531982.

      Buy at Amazon Lynch, K., and Appleyard. D. Temporary Paradise? A Look at the Special Landscape of the San Diego Region. Department of Urban Studies and Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1974.

      18Spatial & Social Structure III: Colony and Post-colonyFrontado, G. “La Leyes de Indias: Observations of its Influence on the Structure of Physical Space in the Latin American Cities.” MIT Thesis, January 1980, pp. 14–59.

      Buy at Amazon King, A. “The Language of Colonial Urbanisation.” Chapter 4 in Colonial Urban Development: Culture, Social Power, and Environment. Routledge, 2010, pp. 68–96. ISBN: 9780415611664.

      19Form Models I: Modern and Post-modern UrbanismBuy at MIT Press Buy at Amazon Mumford, E. “The Functional City.” In The CIAM Discourse on Urbanism, 1928–1960. MIT Press, 2000, pp. 59–130. ISBN: 9780262133647.

      Buy at Amazon Sert, J. L. “Man and the City.” Part 15 and Appendix in Can Our Cities Survive? An ABC of Urban Problems, Their Analysis, Their Solutions. Harvard University Press, 1942, pp. 227–49.

      Buy at MIT Press Buy at Amazon Rowe, C., and F. Koetter. Collage City. MIT Press, 1984. ISBN: 9780262680424. [Preview with Google Books]

      Buy at Amazon Koolhaas, R. “What Ever Happened to Urbanism?” In S, M, L, XL. Monacelli Press, 1998, pp. 959–71. ISBN: 9781885254863.

      20Form Models II: Open-endedness and ProphecyBeinart, J. “From Olympia to Barcelona: Themes of Permanence and Transience.” Spacio e Società 50 (1990): 34–54.

      Cowan, P. “Studies in the Growth, Change and Ageing of Buildings.” Transactions of the Bartlett Society 1 (1963): 55–84.

      Buy at Amazon Smithson, A., ed. Team 10 Primer. MIT Press, 1974, pp. 48–95. ISBN: 9780262690478.

      21Form Models III and IV: Rationality and MemoryBuy at Amazon Krier, L., and J. Robertson. Houses, Palaces, Cities. Edited by D. Porphyrios. St. Martin’s Press, 1985, pp. 30–49. ISBN: 9780312479909.

      Buy at MIT Press Buy at Amazon Rossi, A. The Architecture of the City. MIT Press, 1984, pp. 21–61, 126–131. ISBN: 9780262680431. [Preview with Google Books]

      Filler, M. “Back to Babel.” The New Republic, February 2003, 23–7.

      Butterfield, A. “Monuments and Memories.” The New Republic, February 2003, 27–32.

      Buy at Amazon Lowenthal, D. “Knowing the Past.” Chapter 5 in The Past is a Foreign Country. Cambridge University Press, 1999, pp. 238–59. ISBN: 9780521294805. [Preview with Google Books]

      Wieseltier, L. “After Memory.” The New Republic, May 1993, 16–26.

      22Cases I: Public and Private DomainsBuy at Amazon Gehl, J., and L. Gemzøe. Public Spaces Public Life. Danish Architectural Press, 1996, pp. 78–83. ISBN: 9788774071877.

      Buy at Amazon Sennett, R. “The Public Domain.” Chapter 1 in The Fall of Public Man. W. W. Norton & Company, 1992, pp. 3–27. ISBN: 9780393308792.

      Buy at Amazon Sorkin, M. Introduction in Variations on a Theme Park: The New American City and the End of Public Space. Hill and Wang, 1992, pp. xi–xv. ISBN: 9780374523145.

      23Cases II: Suburbs and PeripheryBuy at Amazon Conzen, M. “The Morphology of Nineteenth Century Cities in the United States.” In Urbanization in the Americas: The Background in Comparative Perspective. Edited by W. Borah, J. E. Hardoy, and G. E. Stelter. National Museum of Man, History Division, 1980, pp. 119–41. ISBN: 9780660103495.

      Buy at Amazon Duany, A., E. Plater-Zyberk, and J. Speck. Suburban Nation: the Rise of Sprawl and the Decline of the American Dream. North Point Press, pp. 3–20. ISBN: 9780865477506.

      Gordon, P., and H. Richardson. This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.“Prove It: the Costs and Benefits or Sprawl.” (PDF) The Brookings Review 16, no. 4 (1998): 23–5.

      24Cases III: Post-urbanism and Resource ConservationFishman, R. “America’s New City: Megalopolis Unbound.” Wilson Quarterly 14 (1990): 24–45.

      Buy at Amazon Graham, S., and S. Marvin. Splintering Urbanism. Routledge, 2001, pp. 217–303.

      Buy at Amazon Webber, M. “Order in Diversity: Community without Propinquity.” Cities and Space: the Future Use of Urban Land. Edited by L. Wingo, Jr. RFF Press, 1963, pp. 23–54. ISBN: 9780801806773.

      Meier, R. L., and A. S. M. Abdul Quium. “Planning and Designing New Urban Settlements in Estuaries: Bangladesh.” Landscape and Urban Planning 21, no. 3 (1991): 211–26.

      Buy at Amazon Newman, P., and J. Kenworthy. “The Concept of Sustainability and Its Relationship to Cities.” Chapter 1 in Sustainability in Cities: Overcoming Automobile Dependence. Island Press, 1999, pp. 1–26. ISBN: 9781559636605.

      Pacala, S., and R. Socolow. “Stabilization Wedges: Solving the Climate Problem for the Next 50 Years with Current Technologies.” Science 305, no. 5686 (2004): 968–72.

      Buy at Amazon Van der Ryn, S., and P. Calthorpe. “The New Suburban Fabric.” In Sustainable Communities: A New Design Synthesis for Cities, Suburbs, and Towns. Sierra Club Books, 1986, pp. 54–83. ISBN: 9780871568007.

      25Cases IV: Hyper and Mega-urbanismBuy at Amazon Devas, N., and C. Rakodi. “The Urban Challenge.” Chapter 1 in Managing Fast Growing Cities: New Approaches to Urban Planning and Management in the Developing World. Longman Group, 1993, pp. 1–40. ISBN: 9780582093041.

      Buy at Amazon ———. “Conclusions: Assessing the New Approaches.” Chapter 10 in Managing Fast Growing Cities: New Approaches to Urban Planning and Management in the Developing World. Longman Group United Kingdom, 1993, pp. 265–96. ISBN: 9780582093041.

      Buy at Amazon Pierce, N., and C. Johnson. “New Frontiers for a Global Urban Commons.” Chapter 10 in Century of the City: No Time to Lose. The Rockefeller Foundation, 2008. ISBN: 9780891840725.

      Buy at Amazon Beinart, J. “After the Diagram.” In Le Corbusier: Chandigarh and the Modern City : Insights into the Iconic City Sixty Years Later. Mapin Publishing, 2009, pp. 184–95.

      Shoumatoff, A. “The Capital of Hope,” The New Yorker, November 3, 1980.

      26Conclusion: Towards a Theory of City FormNo required readings

      Cambridge Talks VII: Architecture and the Street (2013)

        No building is an island – and in the context of the city, architecture takes shape in relation to the street. Arcadesand façade treatments, lighting fixtures and shop windows, setback and building height restrictions: each of thesemediate how buildings interact with streets as spaces of visual display and public sociability. More recently, theconstruction of flyovers and underground transport systems has transformed streets into ever-more complex,multi-layered spatial armatures for architectural intervention. Streets function as the liminal zones by whicharchitectural form and symbolism meet with the contingencies of urban life.
        CAMBRIDGE TALKS VII seeks to bring fresh historical themes and tools to bear on the problem of Architecture and the Street. New research promises to enrich and challenge perspectives pioneered by Spiro Kostof, Jane Jacobs,and William H. Whyte. How does the infrastructural function of streets as circulation (of people, goods, water, andwaste) press against the static character of architecture? How do streets serve as the spatial framework for socialcontrol, ceremony, procession, and protest? How might we theorize and historicize modern streets as sites ofcultural memory and nostalgia? And above all, what are the effects of such social, political, and technological forceson architectural form?
        Cambridge Talks is generously supported by the Harvard University Graduate School of Design, the WeatherheadCenter for International Affairs & the GSAS Graduate Student Council
        • Cesare Birignani (Harvard) 
        • Keller Easterling (Yale) 
        • Gabrielle Esperdy (NJIT) 
        • Christopher Heuer (Princeton) 
        • Matthew Jesse Jackson (Chicago) 
        • Ateya Khorakiwala (Harvard) 
        • Mariana Mogilevich (NYU) 
        • Eric Mumford (WashU) 
        • Katherine Rinne (California College of the Arts) 
        • Richard Wittman (UC Santa Barbara)

        SCIFI Symposium: The city after the economy (2008)


          The symposium consists of specialized presentations by the each panelist describing current conditions. David Bergman reviews the history of the 2008 economic crisis, the relevance of capital markets, and future economic growth. Bergman discusses why economic policies succeed and fail, citing historical precedents. He describes the recent real estate bubble, and how the lack of commercial demand reflects the biggest determining factor of the current and future economic situation.

          Participating by video, Amale Andraos and Dan Wood of the Manhattan firm Work AC describe their book, 49 Cities, which examines a wide variety of built and hypothetical urban environments, mapping their ecological, economic, and industrial organization. In a brief history of urban housing, they reveal that Le Corbusier’s Radiant City seemed to consistently rank in the top of their subjective categories. They discuss the resurgence of urban farming and sustainablity as layering the environment and contemporary discourse.

          Rene Peralta describes his designs as juxtaposed neighboring conditions aimed at creating awareness. He strives to conflict and contradict existing urban conditions.

          Peter Zellner leads the panel in a discussion of the economy. Panelists talk about the differences between resource and capital, policy and interest, and the future role of the urban architect. While suggesting certain alternatives to the current recession, the guests agree it will take a while before new construction and redevelopment take hold.

          Russia After Socialist Planning (2004)


            An architect, writer, editor, former chair of DOCOMOMO UK, and eminent Russian scholar, Cooke is a Lecturer in Design at the Open University. A leading expert on Soviet avant-garde architecture and socialist urban planning, her books include Chernikhov, Fantasy and Construction: Iakov Chernikhov’s Approach to Architectural Design; Architectural Drawings of the Rusisan Avant-Garde; Uses of Tradition in Russian and Soviet Architecture; and Russian Avant-Garde: Theories of Art, Architecture and the City.

            Part 1:

            Catherine Cooke examines the urban and architectural matrix inherited from the Soviet era and the strategies being used to develop it.

            Part 2:

            Concentrating on Moscow in the second lecture of the series, Catherine Cooke continues to examine the urban and architectural matrix inherited from the Soviet era and the strategies being used to develop it.

            Part 3:

            Shifting focus to the reshaping of domestic and private space for the final lecture in the series, Catherine Cooke concludes her examination of the urban and architectural matrix inherited from the Soviet era and the strategies being used to develop it.

            Globalization and World Cities: Reflections from São Paulo (1999)


              A symposium co-organized by the Housing and Urbanism programme of the AA Graduate School and the Centre for Brazilian Studies of the University of Oxford. As one of the richest, most internationally integrated, socially divided and physically fragmented metropolitan centres of the developing world, São Paulo provides the starting and focus point for a comparative debate on the significance and impact of globalization. As an extreme case of integration and exclusion, it provides an important insight into the challenges and possibilities for architects and planners.

              Part 1:

              • Mohsen Mostafavi – Welcome
              • Leslie Bethell and Jorge Fiori – Introduction
              • Raquel Rolnik – Opening lecture

              Part 2:

              • Session on ‘Economic Restructuring’ moderated by Leslie Bethell, with Paul Hirst, Ana Cristina Fernandes, Nigel Harris.
              • Also includes John Humphrey as respondent.

              Part 3:

              • Session on ‘Social Exclusion and Citizenship’ moderated by Larry Barth, with Lucio Kowarick, Nabil Bonduki, David Sibley.

              Part 4:

              • Session on ‘Governance and Planning’ moderated by Jorge Fiori, with Raquel Rolnik, Celso Daniel, Jordi Borja, Michael Edwards.
              • A short film documenting the urban development of the municipality of Santo André – a core part of the heavily industrialized Greater ABC region of the metropolitan area of São Paulo – precedes the talk by Celso Daniel, the mayor of Santo André.

              Part 5:

              • End of Q & A from ‘Governance and Planning’ session.
              • Session on ‘Projects for the City’ moderated by Hugo Hinsley, with Luiz Recaman Barros, Nabil Bonduki.

              Part 6:

              • Session on ‘Projects for the City’ continued, moderated by Hugo Hinsley, with Candido Malta, Joan Busquets, Richard MacCormac.

              Part 7:

              • General discussion with panel from the ‘Projects on the City’ session: Luiz Recaman Barros, Nabil Bonduki, Candido Malta, Joan Busquets, Richard MacCormac, moderated by Hugo Hinsley.

              London: Post Colonial City Conference (1999)


                A two-day conference (and related photographic exhibition) examining the impact and influence of the process of migration on the urban landscape of London.


                • Mohsen Mostafavi: Introduction.
                • Paul Gilroy: Keynote Address
                • Doreen and Neville Lawrence: Stephen Lawrence Scholarship announcement.
                • Catherine Yass: London: Post-Colonial City photographic competition prize-winners announcement.
                • Salman Rushdie: Reading
                • Mark Cousins: Discussion of photographic exhibition

                Post-Colonial Cultures:

                • Laura Mulvey: Introduction
                • Short talks by Stuart Hall (Chair), Isaac Julien, Claudia Roden, Roland Muldoon.

                Post-Colonial Spatialities :

                • Paul Hirst: Introduction
                • Short talks by Lesley Lokho (Chair), Michael Hibbert, Michael Keith, Mohsen Mostafavi.
                • Colin MacCabe introduces a performance by poet and musician Linton Kwezi Johnson.

                Burghers in Suburbia: Holland 1998-2010


                  The Dutch government plans to build one million houses by the year 2010. What makes the Dutch situation unique is the employment – and the influence – of leading architects and planners. Arguably, at no other time this century have architects been in a similar situation where they could have such an impact on the future of suburbia. The symposium addresses this subject through a number of themes including questions of density (notably how architects and planners are responding to the new VINEX policy), social individualisation and its impact on housing types, and the consequences of the privatisation of housing on the design of housing and neighbourhoods.

                  Part 1:

                  • Mohsen Mostafavi supplies the welcome.
                  • Irénée Scalbert introduces the morning session.
                  • Noud de Vreeze gives a short survey of housing in the Netherlands and a description of the causes behind the present architectural culture there, including issues relating to the VINEX policy.
                  • Arnold Reijndorp examines the current relationship between sociology and architecture in Holland and the interpretation of lifestyles and urbanity by architects and planners.

                  Part 2:

                  • Frits Palmboom, co-founder of the architecture and urban design practice Palmboom & van den Bout, provides the contextual and conceptual background to two of his practice’s planning projects commissioned under the VINEX policy, including the construction of the new polder of IJ-burg.
                  • Panel discussion with Noud de Vreeze, Arnold Reijndorp, Frits Palmboom, and Dominic Papa, moderated by Mohsen Mostafavi.

                  Part 3:

                  • Paul Finch introduces the afternoon session.
                  • Kees Christiaanse, founder of the architecture and urban design firm KCAP, discusses the establishing of a system of rules for architects rather than a masterplan at Leidsche Rijn.
                  • Michiel Riedijk, partner in Neutelings Riedijk architects, presents a recently completed housing project in Ghent and projects in three VINEX locations in Holland.

                  Part 4:

                  • Nathalie de Vries, co-founder of MVRDV, explores ideas concerning the compact city and low density urbanism in relation to MVRDV‘s Silodam project.
                  • Panel discussion with Kees Christiaanse, Michiel Riedijk, Nathalie de Vries and Gerard Maccreanor, moderated by Paul Finch.


                  Reyner Banham – Megastructures (1974)


                    ‘I’ve been labouring for some years on a book about megastructures. There comes a time when you’re writing a book when you need to wave your ideas about in public and see if they make any kind of sense . . . ‘.

                    – Excerpt from Reyner Banham lecture series on Megastructures.