Oradea International Airport – Pre Graduation Project

General Info about the Workflow:

Total Worktime:
October 1st – February 18th

Software Used:
Form Exploration: Rhino & Revit Architecture 
Technical Aspects (Plans,Sections,etc): Revit Architecture, Autodesk Vasari
Rendering: 3Ds Max + Vray
Studies: Illustrator + Photoshop
Page Layouts: Photoshop
Render times:
– between 6-10 hours each image with a Intel I7 3770k @ 3.5ghz , 16gb Kingston Hyper X , 120gb Kingston Hyper X 3k, Nvidia 660ti @ 3GB DDR3
Lighting
– was mostly Vray Sun & Light + Vray Sphere Lights to get an interior glow/light
Post Production:
– Photoshop

The project consists of a proposal for a new Airport Terminal in Oradea due to the current one not meeting Schengen requirements and only having interior flights with no international flights being available.
The common problem that constantly appeared in the media regarding Oradeas Airport was the number of incidents that happened here due to the runway being only 1.8km in lenght, where the ICAO requirements are 2.5km for most common charter airplanes.

The project was presented at a different Faculty, more precise in front of a comitee at the Faculty of Architecture – Cluj and it received appreciations from the Faculty’s dean as well as some other high profile professors. Ultimately being graded as 10 (or A) making it the highest rated project in the history of the Faculty of Oradea’s where I’m currently studying.

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The top left image hightlights the current problem that locals face when they want to take an airplane which is having to drive 2-3 hours to a nearby airport both at departure and return thus increasing the whole travel time and the whole point on going on vacation and being relaxed is wasted.
The same image highlights areas that other airports serve as well as the area the proposed airport will serve. Also shown are other airports nearby alongside some tehnical aspects like runway lenght, if they are a hub for a certain company like Tarom, WizzAir,etc.
Below that you can see a SWOT analysis describing some of the benefits, oportunities and problems that the airport may cause.

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Top Left – a map highlighting all the airports, private runways and military airports in Romania and 2 of the main airports in Hungary as well as the number of flights each has.
Top Right- Some charter flights that are taking place from the main airports in the west region of the    country as well as some cargo flights.
Bottom Left- Turist attractions and what will they be able to see once they come to Oradea
Bottom Right – Average salary map by county in Romania

The purpose of these studies was to show that the Oradea Airport is projected to have around 1 million passangers/year based on the number of flights in the nearby airports, as well as to show that there are around 24 attractions in the areas that turists could enjoy and also the salary map was displayed to show that counties that have an international airport have a bigger average salary then the rest, which byitself would help the locals have a better life.

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Top Left – Oradea in the 1700s
Top Right- Oradea in the 1800s
Bottom Left- Oradea urbanistic regions that dictates what you can build in different regions of the city.
Bottom Right – The current network of local transport
The purpose of these studies was to show that the city grown in the NV-SE directions and the current airport placement has limited it’s growth in the south region.The bottom maps show the fact that the region on which the current airport is on and which was used as a safety area for polution and other areas hasn’t been kept and in fact it’s been repurposed in order to build a mall. Also the local transport map highlights the fact the currently there’s no route to the airport.

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The above map shows the proposed site location for the new airport. Site number 2 is the existing airport which will need to be expanded in order to comply with the official runway lenght and thus be expanded from 1.8km to 2.5km lenght.
Also above you can see the wind directions ,different key points of interests, forests, railways and hotels in the area alongside the time neaded to reach them.Below the map there’s a windrose highlighting the direction of the wind and it’s intensity, on the right some of the advantages of each site. Site number 2 proves to be more economical due to the infrastructure already being build but Site number 1 is the winner due to airplanes not flying above the city, but on the outskirts of it and it will also let the city grow to the north and not restrict it as the existing airport.

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The above study shows the proposed site locations as well as the 2 runways: one of 3.5km and the other one 2.5km.
Marked with 1,2,3,4 are different building areas that are found in the area, with mostly transport oriented focused work.
The map also highlights eletric pole networks, railways, and water courses. The white region of the runway hightlights the required extension of the existing runway.Below the map there are some pictures with the state of the buildings in those 4 zones highlighting the fact that this zone is quite “abandoned”.Finally the next 2 rows of images are some panoramic street views of the main  road the goes near the 2 roads.

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Above are some detail views of the 4 zones, highlighting the building heights and based on this study the highest buildings are the ones displayed below the map, belonging to zone 1 & zone 3 which wont affect the flight directions.

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Here I’ve displayed how an Instrumental Landing System works , it’s advantages and the airports clasifications based on FAA and ICAO standards and the required minimum landing/ take off distance.
Based on these aspects the proposed runways class/group will be 4F and 4B.

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A sound pollution scheme that I’ve created highlighting the possible noise pollution that the airport may have in both case scenarios, alongside it there’s a reference showcasing different noise levels compared to common objects. The conclusion is that on a radius of 2Km the noise polution will be 60Db which is equivalent to people speaking.
Below that, there’s an image with the proposed site and the existing terminal building.

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The proposed site layout

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A detail view of the site, highlighting all the desired functions of the airport and their placement.Among the feaures listed are Maintance areas for both cars and airplanes (middle), aprons (near the terminal and between runways), heliport, control tower, catering service, fuel tanks, private hangars and Wizz Air & Tarom Hangars. The hashed areas are safety zones in order to protect the ILS from interference during take off/landing maneuvers.
Also all the way at the top there’s a railway that will be used for shipping cargo that’s arrived via the
airplane.

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Some of the things that will need to be changed in order to make it suitable for an airport. These include 3 new roundabouts,  the creation of a 4 lane road, some water courses will need to be intubated and some electric poles will need to be put underground.
The main idea was to avoid an increase in trafic and noise pollution in Nojorid, which would lead to the degradation of buildings and roads,etc. Thus a new road was proposed that will solve this issues.

Overall View of the plan

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Detail view of the left wing of the floor plan which is the administration, customs, airport security,
security checkpoints, information areas, restrooms, checkins,etc

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Detail view of the right wing of the floor plan which is the arrivals areas with baggage claims, checkpoint, lost luggage, as well as postal services, rent a car, cafeteria.

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Plan describing the different terminal flows

Green dot – security zones.checkin
Blue dot – waiting areas
Black dot- transport via bus
Black line – airport crew flow
Green line – passengers awaiting departure
Blue line- passengers in tranzit
Red line – passengers arrivals flow

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Top – scheme highlighting different possibilities of chair arrangement and some flow problems that they may cause, with the correct one being the one on the right, since the one on the left would encourage people skipping lines and would create a high number of lines
Below – scheme showing a fluid flow of the escalators  instead of having the vertical escalators in
other areas which would lead to people having to walk  to the other escalators

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Detail View of the left wing

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Detail View of the middle area

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Detail View of the right area

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Diagrams highlighting the luggage flow

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Detail view of the middle region of the basement plan

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Initial Shape & renderings showcasing the shape

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The project was presented at a different university then the one I’ve studied, in front of a comitte made 
 of 5 high profile professors including the university dean. The project was graded 10 (or A) and it was 
the first project that received this grade  in the history of the university I’ve studied at, receving both 
praise from the comitee i’ve presented it too, including from the dean itselfs and the professors 
from the university I’ve studied at.

Source: https://www.behance.net/gallery/7335887/Oradea-International-Airport-Pre-Graduation-Project by https://www.behance.net/GradinarRazvan is licensed under cc by-nc-nd (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.en_US)