Graduate Work (2013): “The air terminal Chertovitskoye”

Objective: to design a modern air terminal, that will meet new requirements, in place of the existing one in the city of Voronezh. 
Solution: the master plan of the airport complex was developed after an in-depth analysis of the territory. The main passenger flows were identified, the composition of the premises has been determined according to their purpose and convenience of passengers and personnel. Two-phased construction process allows to retain the airport’s operations. As far as constructive solution goes, the air terminal is a frame building. The project has been done in accordance with all existing national and international construction norms and regulations.

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The fulfilment of the representative role of terminal as an image of the city’s spatial environment requires high aesthetic qualities from the building. 
A significant role was given to the architectural form of the air hub, which was inspired by the taking off euphoria. The spectator is supposed to feel this sense of total freedom and elation not only on board, but also near and inside the airport building. 
Motion was treated as the main concept of this project. This work is an attempt to reach a clarity of expressive forms, deliberately designed to make the object a  bright, vivid  and recognizable structure. Bionic shapes and dynamic lines were used in order to create a harmonious combination of a sense of speed, lightness, openness, spaciousness and certain grandeur which is appropriate for a city landmark. At the same time, central symmetry principle makes the building solid and well-balanced.

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The airport is situated in the high density airways area, which gives an opportunity to develop an airport complex. Air terminal is designed at the place of an existing terminal. Therefore, the construction consists of two phases.
The airport has two levels. The transport and passengers flows on the terminal area is divided between two levels as well. The 1st level is for arriving passengers and the 2nd level is used by departing passengers. Luggage of departing passengers is transported to the 1st level and then taken on board.
Arrived passengers reach the building via the transition gallery on the 2nd level, then proceeding down to the 1st level to the luggage claim area and then to the terminal square. Arriving and departing passengers use different passages isolated from one another.
Airport terminal is divided into following functional zones:
– free access zone;
-departure lounge;
-service area for passengers;
-luggage service;
-transit zone;
-VIP lounge;
-administration area;
-amenities.
The symmetric solution of the architectural and planning approach is determined by the two different passenger flows: on the left of the central axis is the block for international airlines, whereas local airlines use the right side.
The operating hall with ticket offices is situated near the main entrance from the entry zone side. The registration area is connected with luggage handling facilities via conveyors, leading to the platform. The waiting rooms in the sterile area for passengers who passed the security control overlook the flight field.
Arrivals lounge is connected with the luggage area and the free access zone.
The sterile areas of both of the blocks have lounges for transit and vip-passengers.
All categories of passengers are permitted into the cafe, medical service, luggage storage, restaurants and other services of the free access zones.
There are cafes, various shops, mother and child rooms and a hotel available in the sterile area.
The access to restricted service and support facilities are located at the ends of the building. There is a hotel for the aircrew and dining room for all employees.
The control tower is located at the central axis, overlooking the airfield.
In addition to the parking spaces near the air terminal there is an underground parking, which is connected with the terminal via stairs and elevators.
There are separate levels for technical services.

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As far as constructive solution goes, the air terminal is a frame building.  Its framework, foundation, columns, stiffening cores and roofing system are made of reinforced concrete.
Floor slabs and roof lanterns are made as space cross-bar structures with tube forms.
Constructions of the access ramp, underground parking, overpass, crosswalk galleries are made as load-bearing frame systems.
Systems of cross-bar space steel frames with parallel gird and reinforced concrete slab as well as roof lanterns are supported by steel columns and stiffening core made of reinforced concrete, which simultaneously are building’s elevator shafts. 
External walls include an independent frame and are made of composite aluminum three-layer panels with a fire-resistant insulation. Windows and made of stained-glass and aluminum. The sloping roof is made of metal sheets with a polymer coating. The upper layer of the flat roof is reinforced with cement-sand screed. 
Inclined sections of external walls are borne on cantilever steel structures which are fixed in foundation.
The project has been done in accordance with existing construction norms and regulations.

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THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION! :)

Source: https://www.behance.net/gallery/55574825/Graduate-Work-(2013)-The-air-terminal-Chertovitskoye by https://www.behance.net/valentinafesenko is licensed under cc by-nc-nd (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.en_US)