7 Architecture Facts pt.51 | SOM, Phi, & The First Elevator

This is a video about 7 facts in architecture. They are as follows; Joseph Paxton designed the Crystal Palace, built in 1851 for the Great Exhibition in London. The building is notable not only for its grandeur, but because its modular design marked a turning point in technological innovation across Western industry; The length of a human forearm relative to the length of the hand approximates the phi ratio. The distance from a person’s feet to their belly button relative to the distance from their belly button to the top of their head also approximates phi, or 1.618; The first passenger elevator is found in the E.V. Haughwout Building of New York City. The five-story building has an elaborate cast-iron facade. The hydraulic elevator by Otis, while unnecessary, was a likely point of intrigue to potential customers; Walter Netsch of Skidmore, Owings and Merrill designed the Air Force Academy Chapel built in 1962 in Colorado Springs, Colorado. The building design incorporates the sharp verticality of a Gothic cathedral with the sleek aerodynamic shape of a jet fighter; Architects used to write notes in stylized hand letters on their drawings. They did this to ensure the words on a drawing matched the character and clarity of the drawn work. They also did it to ensure a standard font style so more than one person could work on a drawing; Trinity Church in Boston, completed in 1877, is one of architect H.H. Richardson’s most well known projects. The building features polychromy, a massive tower with turrets, elaborate carvings, and Richardson’s signature Romanesque archways; Norman Foster designed Hearst Tower in New York City (2006). The skyscraper is built within, and emerges from, the existing facade of the original Hearst Building (1928). Foster used the same geometric structural configuration, called a diagrid, in his 30 St. Mary Axe project in London.

This is a video series about facts in architecture. The 15 second videos featured in the series are created by Doug and posted every day on his Instagram account @dougpatt.